If you’ve landed here because you think this article is about Justin Bieber, you’re in for severe disappointment. This has very little to do with JB, and is actually about buying websites and internet businesses whilst avoiding financial ruin.
So if you are a Belieber, the whole world is laughing at you. Once, for being a fan of Justin Bieber and again for falling for my linkbait.
Grown Ups 1; People who make Miley Cyrus ‘News’ 0.
But don’t feel too bad, you’re not the only one.
Rap Genius, Venture Capital and questionable due diligence
A few days ago a story broke about RapGenius.com – a site where users can annotate lyrics of their favourite songs with what they believed to be the meaning behind the words. On the surface, you might be thinking “oh … another lyrics site”, but there’s more to the business than what you see on the surface.
First there’s the market opportunity; music lyrics are one of the most searched for terms on the internet, but RG didn’t limit themselves to just music. As their site grew, people began to annotate books, poetry, news and even political speeches. They started to move away from being another generic lyrics site monetized by selling ringtones (… people are still buy ringtones right?), and became more about annotating the web. Apart from being one of the fastest growing Y-Combinator startups of all time receiving up to 27 million monthly visits pre drama, they also attracted a host of celebrity contributors who did wonders for their credibility and PR profile.
This didn’t go unnoticed from Netscape founder Marc Andreessen whose firm invested $15 million earlier last year. All seemed to be going well for the three Yale founders, who would frequently stir up their own brand of ‘look at me I’m so controversial in my own privileged middle class way’ publicity, but then disaster struck.
Call it ‘growth hacking’ or call it black hat seo (like we did in our day), but the site’s founders engaged in a half-baked plan to increase their site’s traffic by riding on the back of Justin Bieber searches (the most searched for music ‘artist’ on the internet along with Miley Cyrus). They asked music bloggers to engage in their ‘affiliate program’, which is a term that ironically needs some annotation, as in this case it meant exchanging a tweet from the Rap Genius account for links from that blogger’s site. One blogger decided to out their plan http://jmarbach.com/rapgenius-growth-hack-exposed.
Guess what happened next …
Ohhhhh Snap …. You done made Google Enngry.
The site received the ultimate penalty from Google short of a complete removal, and had all of its results demoted beyond page 7 of their search results.
If you’ve been buying websites or internet businesses long enough, then it’s highly likely you would have been burnt at some point; it’s a learning curve that teaches you what not to do. Personally, I wouldn’t spend more than $15K on a site that relied so heavily on Google traffic, so I wouldn’t like to be the analyst at Andreessen Horowitz who gave the green light to their $15 million investment. If you think that talking blender you bought at Thanksgiving gave you buyer’s remorse, try waking up and being that guy.
<< insert crappy meme here … something with a cat thinking about buying a powerboat >>
RG will surely have traffic from other sources such as referrals, social and type-ins, but making the jump from 27 million monthly visits to around 1.5 million (and still descending) now puts RapGenius in the high end Flippa listing category.
It’s unlikely the blacklisting will be permanent. Also that VC money will go a long way towards doing one hell of a detox, but the site’s future is now a little more uncertain – or at least less certain that it was when they claimed to soon have the World’s Biggest Website.
If you have to have it, then know how to fix it
There’s a lesson to be learnt about investing in or buying sites that rely so heavily on anything that’s free. Without a payment of some kind, you have no control and without control it’s impossible to make long term plans.
If more than 75% of a site’s traffic originates from Google, or any other search engine, then you need to assume the cost of changing that in your overall purchase price.
I’m not suggesting you should completely avoid sites dependant on organic traffic, but you should have an immediate plan (and budget) to diversify once you’ve made the purchase. This can be through
- Paid Traffic. IMO, the best option as it’s quick, scalable and reliable. This will be a combination of establishing profitable PPC, display and paid social campaigns providing you have a customer lifetime value that supports paid advertising. If you need more convincing, take a look at this article from Bryan O’Neil.
- Affiliate Traffic. I have a friend who runs a site that sells a popular product that’s undisputed in his niche. He can’t risk diluting the brand so doesn’t offer an affiliate program for that product which generates around $80K each month. Instead, he created an info product and offers that to affiliates and pays them a 75% commission on a sale.The affiliate program will often generate less than $2K per month, so I asked him why he bothered maintaining something that brings in relatively little cash. In asking the question, it became obvious without him needing to explain. Affiliate traffic is responsible for 22% of his site’s overall traffic, and many of those visitors who don’t buy the affiliate product do buy his main product – the one that brings home all the revenue.Done right, an affiliate program is a cheap and scalable way of diversifying your visitor profile.
- Email. FYI, I’m totally guilty of not doing this fully myself, but email referrals should account for at least 10% of visitors to any content heavy site. Sending regular content updates tailored to your user’s needs is a sure-fire way of building an audience without the risk that they could disappear at any point in time. Nathan Barry breaks it down in this post.
- Social. Relying entirely on social is as dangerous as relying on organic traffic, especially as Twitter and Facebook have proved to be as fickle as Google. It can however be a sensible strategy in small measures to use social as a way to diversify your profile.The most common mistake investors tend to make is assuming that social traffic should be free; assuming you don’t have infinite time and the powers of omnipotence, you will most likely need to pay someone to manage your social blitzkrieg in addition to paying for things like Likes or sponsored tweets on the platforms themselves.
So what did Justin Bieber teach us about buying websites?
What did Rap Genius teach us about buying websites?
Also nothing, but I figured that piggybacking on current events was a great way to get the message out and appropriate considering the context of the story.
If you’re buying a site that is heavily dependent on a free resource to operate then think twice. A free resource isn’t just limited to search traffic, but it extends to forums that rely on volunteer moderators or web apps which use free APIs for example.
If you do proceed with the purchase, then your priority should be to diversify and move away from whatever it is that creates your dependency. In the case of traffic, this means diversifying your traffic portfolio to dilute the amount that free source contributes.
Hopefully, you’ll someday be in a position to spend $15 million on a website. Hopefully, you’ll never spend $15 million on one that loses more than half of its traffic a year later (then tries to back pedal with a feeble PR distraction). What’s next for the site leaves more than a few questions unanswered, like how does this affect their growth and profitability, will they struggle to attract further rounds of capital and when did Justin Bieber become rap?
The big question is, given their current problems, would you still buy Rap Genius if the money was no object?
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